NOC 2113 地球科學家和海洋學家 (Geoscientists And Oceanographers)

目錄

簡介 Intro

地球科學家包括地質學家,地球化學家和地球物理學家,他們開展各種項目去探究調查,從而能夠擴展有關地球結構,組成和形成過程的知識;定位,確定並提取碳氫化合物,礦物質和地下水資源;評估並緩解環境發展和無水處理項目。海洋學家開展各種項目去探究調查海洋形成過程和各種現象,海洋的生物特徵,化學特徵和物理特徵,大氣和地地質環境的相互影響,以及人類活動對海洋生態系統的影響。地球學家受僱於石油和採礦公司,諮詢地質、地球物理學和工程公司,以及政府和教育部門,或者自僱。海洋學家受僱於政府,教育部門和海底沉積物開採行業的私有企業,或者自僱。

Geoscientists include geologists, geochemists and geophysicists who conduct programs of exploration and research to extend knowledge of the structure, composition and processes of the earth, to locate, identify and extract hydrocarbon, mineral and groundwater resources and to assess and mitigate the effects of development and waste disposal projects on the environment. Oceanographers conduct programs of exploration and research on ocean processes and phenomena, biological, chemical and physical characteristics of oceans, interactions with atmospheric and geological environments and impacts of human activity on oceans and marine ecosystems. Geoscientists are employed by petroleum and mining companies, consulting geology, geophysics and engineering firms and by governments and educational institutions, or they may be self-employed. Oceanographers are employed by governments, educational institutions and private companies engaged in exploration of seafloor deposits and seafarming areas, o r they may be self-employed.

在這個領域有工作經驗的相關人士亦可
Mobility between specializations in this group is possible with experience.

有相關工作經驗的管理崗位或更高的管理者亦可
Progression to supervisory or higher level positions is possible with experience in this unit group.

礦業,石油和其他相關行業的管理層亦可
Advancement to management positions in mining, petroleum and other industries is possible with experience

主要職責 Main Duties

 2113 地球学家主要职责 

  • 開展理論和實踐調研,擴展有關地球表面和地表下岩石特徵,地球發展史和影響其演變的物理、化學和生物體系操作的相關知識
  • Conduct theoretical and applied research to extend knowledge of surface and subsurface features of the earth, its history and the operation of physical, chemical and biological systems that control its evolution
  • 計劃,引導和參與地質領域、地球化學領域和地球物理領域的學習,訓練和地址測試項目
  • Plan, direct and participate in geological, geochemical and geophysical field studies, drilling and geological testing programs
  • 計劃和開展地震,電磁,地磁,重量,輻射,雷達和其他遙感項目
  • Plan and conduct seismic, electromagnetic, magnetic, gravimetric, radiometric, radar and other remote sensing programs
  • 計劃,引導和參與地址、地球化學和地球物理調查數據、測井曲線和其他測試結果、地圖,注意事項和橫截面的分析
  • Plan, direct and participate in analyses of geological, geochemical and geophysical survey data, well logs and other test results, maps, notes and cross sections
  • 為數據的分析和闡釋設計模型和應用軟件
  • Develop models and applied software for the analysis and interpretation of data
  • 計劃和開展核心樣本、鑽粉和岩石樣本的分析研究,確認化學、礦物、碳氫化合物和生物構成並評估沉積環境和地質年代
  • Plan and conduct analytical studies of core samples, drill cuttings and rock samples to identify chemical, mineral, hydrocarbon and biological composition and to assess depositional environments and geological age
  • 評估礦脈岩體的發展方向和構成以及碳氫化合物的沉積
  • Assess the size, orientation and composition of mineral ore bodies and hydrocarbon deposits
  • 確認建築材料的沉積以了解他們的特點和合適性來指導我們使用混凝土骨材料,鋪路材料和其他實際應用
  • Identify deposits of construction materials and determine their characteristics and suitability for use as concrete aggregates, road fill or for other applications
  • 為地區發展開展地質和地球物理研究,並對基地選擇,浪費管理和污染區域的恢復等領域提出建議
  • Conduct geological and geophysical studies for regional development and advise in areas such as site selection, waste management and restoration of contaminated sites
  • 給土地的收購,開採,映射項目和礦山開發提出建議
  • Recommend the acquisition of lands, exploration and mapping programs and mine development
  • 確定並就預期的自然風險提出建議,例如坡面侵蝕,山體滑坡,土壤不穩定及下沉,地震和火山噴發
  • Identify and advise on anticipated natural risks such as slope erosion, landslides, soil instability, subsidence, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions
  • 監督並協調鑽井,工作的完成和採礦工程
  • May supervise and co-ordinate well drilling, completion and work-overs and mining activities.

2113 海洋学家主要职责

  • 開展有關海洋學項目和探險的理論和實踐調研來拓展有關海洋的物理、化學、生物特徵和海洋的功能
  • Conduct theoretical and applied oceanographic research programs and expeditions to extend knowledge of the physical, chemical and biological properties and functioning of oceans
  • 計劃,引導和參與海水、浮游生物、魚類、沉積物和岩石的取樣和分析
  • Plan, direct and participate in sampling and analysis of seawater, plankton, fish, sediments and rocks
  • 學習海洋的物理特性來發展模型、圖標和海洋條件的計算機模擬,例如潮汐、海浪、氣流和泥沙流移
  • Study physical properties of oceans to develop models, charts and computer simulations of ocean conditions, such as tides, waves, currents and sediment transport
  • 探測海洋地層和海底地質結構,開展地震測量調查,學習大洋盆地的形成和其他的地質結構來繪製海洋地層,海岸侵蝕,沉積物積澱等以及近海石油和天然氣開採區域
  • Explore ocean floor and submarine geological structures, conduct seismic surveys and study formation of ocean basins and other structures to map ocean floor, coastal erosion, sediment accumulation and areas for offshore oil and gas exploration
  • 計劃並開展關於海洋化學特徵和形成過程、海洋地層、海洋大氣層和海底火山的調查,並研究其對環境變化的影響
  • Plan and conduct investigations on ocean chemical properties and processes, ocean floor and marine atmosphere and undersea volcanoes to study impacts of environmental changes
  • 學習海洋生物,物理和化學環境的互動來評估污染物對海洋生態的影響,並從生態學的觀點發展海洋養殖方法
  • Study marine life and interaction with physical and chemical environments to assess impacts of pollutants on marine ecology and to develop ecologically-based methods of seafarming.

任職要求 Employment Requirements

  • 地球科學家要求地質學,地球化學,地球物理和相關學科的本科學位
  • Geoscientists require a university degree in geology, geochemistry, geophysics or a related discipline.
  • 地球物理,物理學,數學和工程學碩士學位或本科學位,要求地球物理學工作經驗
  • A master’s or doctoral degree in geophysics, physics, mathematics or engineering may be required for employment as a geophysicist.
  • 省級或國家註冊認可的專業工程師,地質學家,地球物理學者和地學科學家,要求工作經驗或在紐芬蘭,拉布拉多,亞伯達,不列顛哥倫比亞,西北地區和努樂維特等地有實習經歷
  • Registration with a provincial or territorial association of professional engineers, geologists, geophysicists or geoscientists is usually required for employment and is mandatory to practice in Newfoundland and Labrador, Alberta, British Columbia, the Northwest Territories and Nunavut.
  • 地質學家和地球物理學者畢業後獲得一個認可的教育計劃,若干年的管理工作經驗以及在某些省通過專業實踐考試
  • Geologists and geophysicists are eligible for registration following graduation from an accredited educational program and after several years of supervised work experience and, in some provinces, after passing a professional practice examination.
  • 海洋學家要求在科學,數學,統計學和工程學專業的本科學位以及海洋學畢業的畢業證
  • Oceanographers require a university degree in science, mathematics, statistics or engineering and usually require a graduate degree in oceanography.

所有職稱 All Titles

  • 生物海洋學家 biological oceanographer
  • 生物地層學家 biostratigrapher
  • 化學海洋學家 chemical oceanographer
  • 煤炭地質學家 coal geologist
  • 諮詢地質學家 consulting geologist
  • 諮詢地球物理學家 consulting geophysicist
  • 開發地質學家 development geologist
  • 環境地質學家 environmental geologist
  • 勘探地質學家 exploration geologist
  • 勘探地球物理學家 exploration geophysicist
  • 漁業海洋學家 fisheries oceanographer
  • 地球化學 geochemist
  • 地質海洋學家 geological oceanographer
  • 地質學家 geologist
  • 地質學家,地下水 geologist, groundwater
  • 地質學家,石油 geologist, petroleum
  • 地貌學家 geomorphologist
  • 地球物理學家 geophysicist
  • 地球物理學家,勘探 geophysicist, exploration
  • 冰川學家 glaciologist
  • 地下水地質學家 groundwater geologist
  • 水文地質學家 hydrogeologist
  • 海道測量師 – 地質 hydrographic surveyor – geology
  • 水文學家 hydrologist
  • 冰專家 – 海洋學 ice specialist – oceanography
  • 海洋地質學家 marine geologist
  • 海洋地球物理學家 marine geophysicist
  • 礦山地質學家 mine geologist
  • 礦物學家 mineralogist
  • 採礦地質學家 mining geologist
  • 海洋學家 oceanographer
  • 石油地質學家 oil geologist
  • 古植物學 paleobotanist
  • 古生態學家 paleoecologist
  • 古生物學家 paleontologist
  • 孢粉學家 palynologist
  • 岩相學家 petrographer
  • 攝影地址學家 photogeologist
  • 石油地質學家 petroleum geologist
  • 岩石學家 petrologist
  • 岩石物理學家 petrophysicist
  • 物理海洋學家 physical oceanographer
  • 砂礦地質學家 placer geologist
  • 探礦地質學家 prospecting geologist
  • 季科學家 quaternary scientist
  • 季專家 quaternary specialist
  • 遙感地質 remote sensing geologist
  • 沉積地質學家 sedimentary geologist
  • 沉積學者 sedimentologist
  • 地震學家 seismologist
  • 地層工作者 stratigrapher
  • 結構地質學家 structural geologist
  • 火山學家 volcanologist
  • 井場統籌員 – 地質 wellsite co-ordinator – geology

不包括職稱 Exclusions

  • 建築和科學管理 Architecture and science managers (0212)
  • 生物學家和相關科學家 Biologists and related scientists (2121)
  • 化學家 Chemists (2112)
  • 地質工程師 Geological engineers (2144)
  • 自然資源生產和捕魚經理 Managers in natural resources production and fishing (0811)
  • 物理學家和天文學家 Physicists and astronomers (2111)

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