NOC 2151 建筑师 (Architects)

目录

简介 Intro

建筑师为商业,机构和住宅建筑的建设和改造进行构思,规划和开发设计。他们受雇于建筑公司,私营公司和政府,或者有可能成为自雇人士。

Architects conceptualize, plan and develop designs for the construction and renovation of commercial, institutional and residential buildings. They are employed by architectural firms, private corporations and governments, or they may be self-employed.

随着经验积累,可能晋升到高级职位,如总建筑师。
Progression to senior positions, such as chief architect, is possible with experience.

主要职责 Main Duties

  • 与客户协商来确定要维修的或正在考虑的新建筑的类型,风格和目的
    Consult with clients to determine the type, style and purpose of renovations or new building construction being considered
  • 概念化并设计建筑,开发计划以描述设计规范,建材,成本及工程进度
    Conceptualize and design buildings and develop plans describing design specifications, building materials, costs and construction schedules
  • 为客户准备草图和模型
    Prepare sketches and models for clients
  • 准备承包商和技工使用的图纸,规格及其他施工文件,或监督其编制
    Prepare or supervise the preparation of drawings, specifications and other construction documents for use by contractors and tradespersons
  • 准备招标文件,参与合同谈判,并授予建造合同
    Prepare bidding documents, participate in contract negotiations and award construction contracts
  • 监控建筑工地上的活动,以确保符合规格
    Monitor activities on construction sites to ensure compliance with specifications
  • 开展建设项目的可行性研究报告和财务分析。
    Conduct feasibility studies and financial analyses of building projects.
  • 建筑师可以专注于特定类型的建筑,如住宅,商业,工业或机构。
    Architects may specialize in a particular type of construction such as residential, commercial, industrial or institutional.

任职要求 Employment Requirements

  • 认可的建筑学校大学本科学历
    A bachelor’s degree from an accredited school of architecture
  • 或者要求完成加拿大皇家建筑师学会(RAIC)的教学大纲。
    Completion of the syllabus of studies from the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada (RAIC) is required.
  • 可以是建筑学硕士学位。
    A master’s degree in architecture may be required.
  • 必需完成注册建筑师监督下的一项为期三年的实习。
    Completion of a three-year internship under the supervision of a registered architect is required.
  • 必需完成建筑师注册考试。
    Completion of the architect registration examination is required.
  • 必需获得所在工作省省联社的建筑师注册。
    Registration with the provincial association of architects in the province of work is required.
  • 一些雇主要求具备加拿大绿色建筑委员会提供的领先能源与环境设计(LEED)认证。
    Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification is offered by the Canada Green Building Council and may be required by some employers.

所有职称 All Titles

  • 建筑师 architect
  • 建筑师,住宅楼宇 architect, residential buildings
  • 建筑标准专家 architectural standards specialist
  • 总设计师 chief architect
  • 咨询建筑师 consulting architect
  • 工业和商业建筑的建筑师 industrial and commercial buildings architect
  • 住宅建筑师 residential architect

不包括职称 Exclusions

  • 建筑和科学管理者 Architecture and science managers [0212](0212)
  • 数据库架构师(数据库分析师和数据管理员) Database architects (in [2172](2172) Database analysts and data administrators )
  • 景观建筑师 Landscape architects [2152](2152)
  • 海军建筑师(其他专业的工程师,NEC) Naval architects (in [2148](2148) Other professional engineers, n.e.c. )
  • 软件架构师(软件工程师和设计师) Software architects (in [2173](2173) Software engineers and designers )
  • 结构工程师(土木工程师) Structural engineers (in [2131](2131) Civil engineers )
  • 技术架构师,硬件(电脑工程师(软件工程师和设计师除外)) Technical architects, hardware (in 2147 Computer engineers (except software engineers and designers) )

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