NOC 4111 法官 (Judges)

目录

简介 Intro

法官裁决民事和刑事案件,同时在法律法庭主持法官。法官负责联邦和省级法院。

Judges adjudicate civil and criminal cases and administer justice in courts of law. Judges preside over federal and provincial courts.

主要职责 Main Duties

  • 主持法院,解释和执行议事规则,对有关证据的可接受性作出裁决
    Preside over courts of law, interpret and enforce rules of procedure and make rulings regarding the admissibility of evidence
  • 法律适用的情况下,指导陪审团
    Instruct the jury on laws that are applicable to the case
  • 权衡并考虑非陪审团审判的证据,裁定法律上有罪或无罪或被告人的赔偿责任程度
    Weigh and consider evidence in non-jury trials and decide legal guilt or innocence or degree of liability of the accused or defendant
  • 在刑事案件中被定罪的人判刑,并确定在民事案件中的损害赔偿或其他适当的补救方案
    Pass sentence on persons convicted in criminal cases and determine damages or other appropriate remedy in civil cases
  • 准予离婚并分配配偶之间的资产
    Grant divorces and divide assets between spouses
  • 确定争夺的父母和其他监护人之间的儿童监护权
    Determine custody of children between contesting parents and other guardians
  • 执行法庭命令以访问或支持
    Enforce court orders for access or support
  • 监督其他法官和法院人员。
    Supervise other judges and court officers.
  • 法官可能会专注于特定的法律领域,如民事,刑事或家庭法。
    Judges may specialize in particular areas of law such as civil, criminal or family law.

任职要求 Employment Requirements

  • 作为一名律师或具有律师协会连续会员身份的法学教授,通常需要丰富的经验。
    Extensive experience as a lawyer or as a professor of law with continuous membership in the bar association is usually required.
  • 必需具备省或地区的法律社会或律师协会的良好信誉的会员资格。
    Membership in good standing with a provincial or territorial law society or bar association is required.
  • 法官由联邦或省级内阁委任。
    Judges are appointed by federal or provincial cabinets.
  • 任命为法院更高级职位的法官,如首席大法官,通常具有在该法院任法官的经验。
    Those appointed to more senior positions in a court, such as chief justice, usually have experience as judges in that court.

所有职称 All Titles

  • 行政法官 administrative judge
  • 上诉法庭法官 appellate court judge
  • 联营公司首席大法官 associate chief justice
  • 终审法院首席法官 chief justice
  • 县法院法官 county court judge
  • 县法官 county judge
  • 英国最高法院法官 Court of Queen’s Bench justice
  • 副法官 deputy justice
  • 区和替代法院法官 district and surrogate court judge
  • 地区法院法官 district court judge
  • 家庭法院法官 family court judge
  • 联邦法院法官 federal court justice
  • 联邦最高法院大法官 – 审判庭 federal court justice – trial division
  • 联邦上诉法院法官 Federal Court of Appeal justice
  • 联邦审判法官 federal trial court justice
  • 法官 – 法 judge – law
  • 法官 justice
  • 少年法庭法官 juvenile court judge
  • 裁判法院法官 magistrate court judge
  • 遗嘱检验法庭法官 probate court judge
  • 省法院法官 provincial court judge
  • 省法院上诉法官 provincial court of appeal justice
  • 省最高法院法官 provincial supreme court justice
  • 陪审法官 puisne judge
  • 小额索偿法庭法官 small claims court judge
  • 上级法院公正 superior court justice
  • 最高法院司法 Supreme Court justice
  • 加拿大最高法院法官 Supreme Court of Canada justice
  • 税务法庭法官 Tax Court judge
  • 审判法庭法官 trial court judge
  • 少年法庭法官 youth court judge

不包括职称 Exclusions

  • 行政法庭法官(政府管理者 – 卫生和社会政策的制定和计划管理) Administrative tribunal judges (in [0411](0411) Government managers – health and social policy development and program administration )
  • 公民法庭法官(法院人员和治安法官) Citizenship court judges (in [1227](1227) Court officers and justices of the peace )
  • 太平绅士(法院人员和治安法官) Justices of the Peace (in [1227](1227) Court officers and justices of the peace )

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