NOC 2271 – Air pilots, flight engineers and flying instructors



Air pilots fly fixed wing aircraft and helicopters to provide air transportation and other services such as crop spraying and aerial surveying. Flight engineers assist air pilots with monitoring, troubleshooting and maintenance of aircraft systems and with pre- and post-flight inspections. Flying instructors teach flying techniques and procedures to student and licensed pilots. Air pilots, flight engineers and flight instructors are employed by airline and air freight companies, flying schools and by other public and private sector aircraft operators.

Flight engineers may progress to co-pilot and pilot positions with required hours of flying experience and completion of licensing and endorsement requirements.

Main Duties

Air pilots perform some or all of the following duties:

  • Conduct pre-flight inspection of aircraft and check passenger and cargo distribution to ensure that weight and balance specifications are met
  • Co-ordinate flight activities with ground crews and air-traffic control, inform crew members of flight and test procedures and direct activities of aircraft crew during flights
  • Contact control towers for takeoff clearances, arrival instructions and other information
  • Conduct in-flight tests and monitor functioning of aircraft equipment and systems during flights, maintain communications with flight dispatchers and weather forecasters and respond to and report in-flight emergencies and malfunctions
  • Prepare flight evaluation reports
  • Train pilots to use new equipment, or prepare them for examinations to re-validate or upgrade existing licences
  • May fly new or experimental planes to examine their flight performance and safety
  • May participate in search and rescue operations, forest firefighting, aerial surveying, crop dusting and other services.

Flight engineers perform some or all of the following duties:

  • Inspect aircraft prior to takeoff according to pre-flight checklist and verify passenger and cargo distribution to ensure that weight and balance specifications are met
  • Assist air pilots in monitoring aircraft systems, equipment and functions during flight
  • Make in-flight repairs, such as replacing fuses and adjusting instruments, and follow emergency procedures to compensate for equipment malfunction or failure
  • Perform post-flight inspections, record equipment malfunctions and corrective actions taken during flight and report required repairs to ground maintenance personnel.

Flying instructors perform some or all of the following duties:

  • Instruct student pilots in procedures and techniques of flying aircraft and in ground-school subjects such as navigation, radio procedures and flying regulations
  • Train licensed pilots for additional certification.

Employment Requirements

Pilots and flight engineers

  • Completion of secondary school and graduation from a certified flying or aviation school are required.
  • A university degree or college diploma may be required.
  • A commercial pilot’s licence or an air transport pilot’s licence is required.
  • Additional licences or endorsements to fly different types of aircraft are required.
  • Flight engineers require a flight engineer license issued by Transport Canada.
  • Structured training is provided by employers.

Flight instructors

  • Completion of secondary school and graduation from a certified flying or aviation school are required.
  • A university degree or college diploma may be required.
  • A commercial pilot’s or an air transport pilot’s licence is required.
  • Transport Canada ratings and endorsements to provide instructions on different types of aircraft are required.

All Titles

  • aerial crop duster
  • aerial sprayer
  • aerial survey flight supervisor
  • aerial survey pilot
  • air navigator
  • air patrol pilot
  • air pilot
  • air pilots and navigators supervisor
  • airline pilot
  • airline pilot instructor
  • airline test pilot
  • airplane pilot
  • bush pilot
  • business aircraft pilot
  • captain – air transport
  • charter pilot
  • check pilot
  • chief flying instructor
  • chief pilot
  • chief pilot – air transport
  • chief pilot, helicopter
  • commercial airline pilot
  • commercial pilot
  • co-pilot
  • co-pilot – air transport
  • corporate pilot
  • crop duster
  • engineering test pilot
  • executive pilot
  • experimental test pilot
  • fire patrol pilot
  • first officer – air transport
  • flight engineer
  • flight engineer – air transport
  • flight instructor
  • flight simulator instructor
  • flying instructor
  • forest spray pilot
  • forestry patrol pilot
  • helicopter flight instructor
  • helicopter pilot
  • mapping pilot
  • navigator – air transport
  • pilot – air transport
  • pilot instructor
  • pilot, airline
  • pilot, remote sensing
  • pipeline air patrol pilot
  • power line air patrol pilot
  • relief pilot
  • remote sensing pilot
  • second officer – air transport
  • spray pilot
  • supervisor, air pilots and flight engineers
  • survey pilot
  • test pilot
  • topographic survey pilot
  • water bomber pilot


  • Air traffic controllers and related occupations (2272)
  • Ground school instructors (See 4021 College and other vocational instructors)


Processing Time

Program Categories Online On Paper
Canadian visa application processing time
Temporary Resident Visa
69 Days 69 Days
Visitor Record
193 Days 163 Days
Super Visa 127 Days 127 Days
Study Permit Made Outside Canada
9 Weeks 9 Weeks
Study Permit Made Intside Canada
4 Weeks 4 Weeks
Study Permit Extension 91 Days 108 Days
Post Graduation Work Permit Made Outside Canada 57 Weeks 57 Weeks
Post Graduation Work Permit Made Inside Canada 167 Days 78 Days
Briding Open Work Permit
167 Days 78 Days
Canadian immigration application processing time
Express Entry
21 Months 21 Months
Provincial Nominee Program
22 Months 22 Months
Self-employed Immigration
42 Months 42 Months
Federal Skilled Worker Program
29 Months 29 Months
Start-up Visa
32 Months 32 Months
Spouse/CommonLaw Sponsorship
14 Months 14 Months
(Grand) Parents Sponsorship
38 Months 38 Months
Canadian Citizenship/PR Card processing time
24 Months 24 Months
PR Card
92 Days 92 Days
PR Card Renewal
84 Days 84 Days

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