NOC 4156 – Employment counsellors



Employment counsellors provide assistance and information to job seeker clients on all aspects of employment search and career planning. They also provide advice and information to employer clients regarding employment issues and human resources. Employment counsellors are employed by human resource departments of establishments, employment service organizations, consulting firms, correctional facilities and by federal and provincial governments. Supervisors of employment counsellors are included in this unit group.

Mobility to positions in personnel or training is possible.

Progression to supervisory positions is possible through experience.

Main Duties

Employment counsellors perform some or all of the following duties:

  • Interview clients to obtain employment history, educational background and career goals
  • Identify barriers to employment and assist clients with such matters as job readiness skills, job search strategies, writing résumés and preparing for job interviews
  • Assess need for assistance such as rehabilitation, financial aid or further training and refer clients to the appropriate services
  • Provide established workers with information and strategies for maintaining a job or moving within an organization, dealing with job dissatisfaction, making mid-career changes and adjusting to workplace transitions
  • Collect labour market information for clients regarding job openings, entry and skill requirements and other occupational information
  • Advise employers on human resource and other employment-related issues
  • Provide consulting services to community groups and agencies, businesses, industry and other organizations involved in providing community-based career planning support or resources
  • May administer and interpret tests designed to determine the interests, aptitudes and abilities of clients.

Employment Requirements

  • A bachelor’s degree or college diploma in employment counselling, career development or in a related field, such as human resources development, psychology, education or social services is required.
  • A master’s degree in counselling psychology or a related field such as educational psychology, developmental psychology or social work may be required.
  • In Quebec, membership in a professional association is mandatory to use the title ”counsellor”.

All Titles

  • Aboriginal employment developer
  • Aboriginal employment officer
  • Aboriginal employment worker
  • career coach
  • career counsellor – except education
  • career development counsellor
  • career development facilitator
  • career development practitioner
  • career group facilitator
  • career resource centre co-ordinator
  • counsellor, employment
  • counsellor, employment – government services
  • counsellor, employment group
  • counsellor, job
  • counsellor, job – government services
  • counsellor, outplacement
  • counsellor, relocation
  • employment consultant
  • employment counsellor
  • employment counsellor – government services
  • employment group counsellor
  • employment outreach counsellor
  • employment outreach program co-ordinator
  • employment outreach program counsellor
  • employment services assessment officer
  • employment services officer
  • group counsellor, employment services
  • job counsellor
  • job counsellor – government services
  • job search trainer
  • labour market information consultant
  • outplacement consultant
  • outplacement counsellor
  • outreach counsellor, employment
  • outreach program co-ordinator, employment
  • outreach program counsellor, employment
  • relocation consultant
  • relocation counsellor
  • workforce adjustment officer
  • workforce development officer


  • Educational counsellors (4033)
  • Employment insurance officers (See 1228 Employment insurance, immigration, border services and revenue officers)
  • Human resources and recruitment officers (1223)
  • Job coaches for persons with disabilities (See 4215 Instructors of persons with disabilities)
  • Vocational rehabilitation counsellors (See 4153 Family, marriage and other related counsellors)



Processing Time

Program Categories Online On Paper
Canadian visa application processing time
Temporary Resident Visa
69 Days 69 Days
Visitor Record
193 Days 163 Days
Super Visa 127 Days 127 Days
Study Permit Made Outside Canada
9 Weeks 9 Weeks
Study Permit Made Intside Canada
4 Weeks 4 Weeks
Study Permit Extension 91 Days 108 Days
Post Graduation Work Permit Made Outside Canada 57 Weeks 57 Weeks
Post Graduation Work Permit Made Inside Canada 167 Days 78 Days
Briding Open Work Permit
167 Days 78 Days
Canadian immigration application processing time
Express Entry
21 Months 21 Months
Provincial Nominee Program
22 Months 22 Months
Self-employed Immigration
42 Months 42 Months
Federal Skilled Worker Program
29 Months 29 Months
Start-up Visa
32 Months 32 Months
Spouse/CommonLaw Sponsorship
14 Months 14 Months
(Grand) Parents Sponsorship
38 Months 38 Months
Canadian Citizenship/PR Card processing time
24 Months 24 Months
PR Card
92 Days 92 Days
PR Card Renewal
84 Days 84 Days

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